Directory of Camera Trapping Publications


With the prolific growth in the use of digital wildlife cameras over the past 15 years, the number of papers on camera trapping have similarly ballooned. We have listed below some key papers pertinent to designing a camera trap study. We are currently working on making this repository interactive, with the hope that our membership will be able to add to this repository in the future. 

Camera Trapping Papers Directory

WildCAM has produced an annotated bibliography and literature synthesis of camera trap methodology papers published in the last ten years. Encompassing literature on study design and data processing, it can be used as a review to give researchers and practitioners insight into what the peer-reviewed literature suggests regarding best practices.

A Selection of Relevant Articles and Books

Baru, C., E. H. Fegraus, S. J. Andelman, S. Chandra, K. Kaya, K. Lin, and C. Youn. 2012. Cyberinfrastructure for Observatory and Monitoring Networks: A Case Study from the TEAM Network. BioScience 62:667-675.

Burton, A. C., E. Neilson, D. Moreira, A. Ladle, R. Steenweg, J. T. Fisher, E. Bayne, and S. Boutin. 2015. Wildlife camera trapping: a review and recommendations for linking surveys to ecological processes. Journal of Applied Ecology 52:675-685.

Caravaggi, A., P. B. Banks, A. C. Burton, C. M. V. Finlay, P. M. Haswell, M. W. Hayward, M. J. Rowcliffe, and M. D. Wood. 2017. A review of camera trapping for conservation behaviour research. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation 3:109-122.

Fegraus, E. H., K. Lin, J. A. Ahumada, C. Baru, S. Chandra, and C. Youn. 2011. Data acquisition and management software for camera trap data: A case study from the TEAM Network. Ecological Informatics 6:345.

Frey, S., J. T. Fisher, A. C. Burton, and J. P. Volpe. 2017. Investigating animal activity patterns and temporal niche partitioning using camera-trap data: challenges and opportunities. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation 3:123-132.

Hofmeester, T. R., J. P. G. M. Cromsigt, J. Odden, H. Andrén, J. Kindberg, and J. D. C. Linnell. 2019. Framing pictures: A conceptual framework to identify and correct for biases in detection probability of camera traps enabling multi-species comparison. Ecology and Evolution 0.

McShea, W. J., T. Forrester, R. Costello, Z. He, and R. Kays. 2015. Volunteer-run cameras as distributed sensors for macrosystem mammal research. Landscape Ecology 31:55-66.

Meek, P. D., G. Ballard, A. Claridge, R. Kays, K. Moseby, T. O’Brien, A. O’Connell, J. Sanderson, D. E. Swann, M. Tobler, and S. Townsend. 2014. Recommended guiding principles for reporting on camera trapping research. Biodiversity and Conservation 23:2321-2343.

Newey, S., P. Davidson, S. Nazir, G. Fairhurst, F. Verdicchio, R. J. Irvine, and R. van der Wal. 2015. Limitations of recreational camera traps for wildlife management and conservation research: A practitioner’s perspective. Ambio 44:624-635.

 O'Connell, A. F., J. D. Nichols, and K. U. Karanth. 2011. Camera Traps in Animal Ecology: Methods and Analyses. Springer, New York.

Swanson, A., M. Kosmala, C. Lintott, R. Simpson, A. Smith, and C. Packer. 2015. Snapshot Serengeti, high-frequency annotated camera trap images of 40 mammalian species in an African savanna. Scientific Data 2.

Rovero, F., F. Zimmermann, D. Berzi, and P. Meek. 2013. "Which camera trap type and how many do I need?" A review of camera features and study designs for a range of wildlife research applications. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy; Vol 24, No 2 (2013).

Rovero, F., and F. Zimmermann. 2016. Camera Trapping for Wildlife Research. Pelagic Publishing Ltd.


Some of these resources may not be open access. If an article is not open access, we recommend contacting the corresponding author to request a copy or checking common repositories such as Research Gate for now. We are working to make the resources within the library more broadly available in the future.